Beazley Coding Club
Pitch Your Passion!
Beazley Coding Club Members share their coding story using Scratch, blockly coding language!
Andrew Costello (Flag then "3" key)
Liam Chandler (Flag - Space & "A" key)
Fourth Grade Coding Club "OC" - CS in Your Neighborhood Programs
Scratch Solar System Projects
Coding Club Solar System Projects
4th Grade Science SOL 4.5
4.5 The student will investigate and understand that the planets have characteristics and a specific place in the solar system. Key ideas include
a) planets rotate on their axes and revolve around the sun;
b) planets have characteristics and a specific order in the solar system; and
c) the sizes of the sun and planets can be compared to one another.
Central Idea: Our solar system is composed of planets with unique characteristics, primarily due to their locations within the system.
Earth is unique in that its characteristics and location allow for life to exist.
- The solar system is a set of interrelated and interdependent elements that are connected through the flow of matter and energy. Characteristics of these elements within the solar system are determined by their composition. Our solar system is ancient. Early astronomers believed that Earth was the center of the universe and all other heavenly bodies orbited around Earth. We now know that our sun is the center of our solar system and the planets revolve around the sun (4.5 a).
- Our solar system is made up of eight planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars are considered terrestrial planets. Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune are called gas giants (4.5 b, c). Student are not responsible for describing sizes of planets in relation to Earth’s size.
- Mercury is closest to the sun and is small, heavily cratered planet. Mercury looks like our moon. Mercury is the smallest planet in our solar system and its atmosphere is very thin.
- Venus is the second planet from the sun. Similar to Earth in size and mass, Venus has a permanent blanket of clouds that traps thermal energy which causes high surface temperatures.
- Earth is the third planet from the sun. Earth’s atmosphere, its liquid water, and its distance from the sun (among other factors) make Earth ideal for life.
- Mars is the fourth planet from the sun and is sometimes called the red planet. The atmosphere on Mars is thin. Mars has a vast network of canyons and riverbeds. Mars is roughly half the size of Earth.
- Jupiter is the fifth planet from the sun, the largest planet in the solar system (eleven times larger than Earth), and it is considered a gas giant. Jupiter has no solid surface. Its colored cloud patterns are caused by enormous storms in its atmosphere.
- Saturn is the sixth planet from the sun. Early scientists thought Saturn was the only planet with rings, but we now know that all four gas giants (Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune) have rings. Saturn’s atmosphere is similar to that of Jupiter. Saturn is almost ten times the size of Earth.
- Uranus is the seventh planet from the sun. Uranus is a gas giant and is unique in that it spins on its side. It has a large atmosphere and is a cold planet that is four times the size of Earth.
- Neptune, a very cold planet, is eighth from the sun. Neptune appears blue because of its atmosphere. It is roughly four times the size of Earth.
- Pluto is no longer included in the list of planets in our solar system due to its small size and irregular orbit (4.5 b).
In order to meet this standard, it is expected that students will:
- create a model that demonstrates the differences between rotation and revolution (4.5 a)
- research the planets and communicate basic characteristics of each, including whether each is terrestrial or a gas giant, and its relative location in the solar system (4.5 b)
- construct and interpret a simple model to show the location and order of planets in relation to the sun in our solar system (4.5 b)
- compare the relative sizes of the planets to each other as well as to the sun (4.5 c).